Cavorite is an artificial mineral that possesses anti-gravity properties (also referred to as a "gravity-blocking substance"). It can also shield other materials from its effects. Functionally, Cavorite was designed to shield a craft from Earth's pull, allowing easy flight. The material was invented in the latter half of the 19th century by Doctor Selwyn Cavor. Naming it after himself, Cavor offered the use of Cavorite to the British Empire for a planned lunar expedition scheduled to take place at the turn of the century. In July of 1898 however, Chinese criminal mastermind Fu Manchu stole Professor Cavor's precious Cavorite with plans of using it in the construction of a series of flying ships. At the behest of the British Intelligence agency MI5, members of the League of Extraordinary Gentlemen broke into Fu Manchu's secret base in Limehouse and recovered the Cavorite sample. Fu Manchu's men burst into the chamber to stop them, but the group linked hands, and unlocked the mineral's containment device. The Cavorite propelled them through the top of the tunnel into the Thames River. The League brought the Cavorite back to their employers at British Intelligence, not realizing at the time, that they were actually delivering it into the hands of the "Napoleon of Crime", Professor James Moriarty.
- Doctor Cavor is a fictional scientist created by novelist H.G. Welles and first appeared in the 1901 novel The First Men on the Moon. Cavorite was also referenced in Welles' more popular novel War of the Worlds.
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