France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories. It is is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris.
Since the Iron Age, France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people, which the land was originally named after. The region was annexed by the Roman Empire in 51 BC, and held the region until 486, when the Germanic Franks conquered the region and formed the Kingdom of France. During the 9th and 10th centuries, France became decentralized while being continually threatened by Viking invasions. It was not until 1190 that France was reunited through wars and dynastic inheritance.
France went to war against the Kingdom England in the Hundred Years' War over the succession to the French throne. Led by charismatic leaders such as Joan of Arc, France won back English continental territories and the war transformed the country from a feudal monarchy to a centralized state. France later flourished in the Renaissance and becoming a leading European power. Throughout the 16th century France was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots).
By the 18th century, France's power was stricken when it suffered its defeat in the Seven Years' War. It later supported the Americans in their independence from Britain during the American Revolutionary War. However, its intervention in the war effectively bankrupt the state. Factored by the financial crisis, discontent of the monarchy, and several years of bad harvests, France fell to revolution and the monarchy was overthrown and replaced by a republic. Until the early 1800's, France fell under the rule of Napoleon who he established the First French Empire. The subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France became a participant in World War I and emerged victorious but at a tremendous human and material cost. During the outbreak of World War II, France was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany until its liberation by the Allied Powers in 1944. Following the war, a Fourth Republic was established but was eventually dissolved after its government became inefficient in handling decolonization of its French colonies. The Fifth Republic was formed and remains to the present day.
On Earth-AD, the region once occupied by France prior to the Great Disaster became home to a race known as the Wolf Napoleoneks.
Points of Interest
- Crimson Fox
- Mademoiselle Marie
- Many members of the Brotherhood of Evil are based out of France.