From an early age, Jonathan Crane was obsessed with fear, and enjoyed chasing birds to watch them flee in a panic. Growing up, he soon became a professor of psychology, where by day he would teach students the psychology of fear, while at spending his nights as a recluse spending his evenings alone reading books. His obscure behavior and gangily appearance made him an outcast among his peers. Jealous and paranoid of them, Crane would soon be inspired when giving a lecture on how criminals use fear to intimidate those into doing their bidding. The following evening while pondering this idea, Crane would decide to give up his academic career and become a costumed criminal known as the Scarecrow, employing his expertise on fear as his major tool in crime.
His criminal career would lead to a clash with Batman and Robin, however their first encounter is not recorded. When the Scarecrow would once more go into action to recover loot he had stolen in a previous crime, he would be spotted by Dick Grayson who would report back to Bruce Wayne. He would clash with Batman and Robin once more, using special devices to induce fear into the Dynamic Duo. However, the Scarecrow would ultimately meet defeat when Batman and Robin would deduce his clues hinting at his next crimes.
Free from prison, the Scarecrow would attempt to get revenge against Batman by forcing the Dark Knight to swallow a pill that makes Batman fear the Scarecrow. However, after putting away a number of his other foe and escaping a deathtrap set by the Scarecrow, Batman would shake off the drugs effects and take the Scarecrow back into custody. When released from prison, Crane would be met by Batman who has come to see if Crane had reformed. Jonathan of course, would not, and while feigning having turned over a new leaf would shake Batman's hand secretly injecting him with a fear drug that would make all those who see him become very afraid. Trapping Batman in a room of mirrors, the Caped Crusader would find that his own reflection causes him fear, however Batman would shake off the effects before he could die of fright and recapture the Scarecrow.
The Scarecrow would next be inducted in the Injustice Gang by Libra who had was manipulating villains to battle the Justice League of America in an attempt to steal half the heroes powers for himself hoping to become a god. Following the defeat of Libra, and the revelation of his true intentions, the Injustice Gang would disband.
The Scarecrow would return to menace Batman once more, setting up a fear-broadcasting device at an amusement park, a plot Batman would ultimately thwart. In jail, Scarecrow would witness the break out of Firefly's escape from jail. He would next clash with the Joker when the Clown Prince of Crime would steal a fear gas from S.T.A.R. Labs. The Scarecrow would become an entranced slave of the Construct who would reorganize the Injustice Gang in a plot to destroy the Justice League by fostering descent in the heroes ranks and attacking them with his villains, this plot is foiled by the JLA. When Batman is believed to have been killed, a "court" ruled over by Ra's al Ghul to determine which villain is the one responsible for killing Batman, the Scarecrow is one of the villains selected to stand witness of the trail.
Rejoining the Injustice Gang, now being led by Abra Kadabra who intends to use an alien device to take over the worlds energy sources, they are opposed by the Justice League of America. Although the battle is complicated by the meddling of Ultraa a hero from Earth-Prime, the JLA manages to defeat the Injustice Gang once more. Next the Scarecrow matches wits with Robin, by puzzling the Boy Wonder into determining which of the Scarecrow's intended victims is really the Scarecrow in disguise. Once more injecting Batman with a chemical to cause those around him to fear the Caped Crusader, this plot would be foiled by Batman with the aid of Robin and Batgirl.
When Batman must face a group of his greatest foes along with his friends Robin, Batgirl, and Catwoman, Scarecrow is among their numbers. Once more creating a means of broadcasting fear, the Scarecrow is thwarted once more by Batman and Robin. The Scarecrow would subsequently clash with Batman and Robin again, trying to get the Dynamic Duo while they are working separately, but Batman and Robin reunite and defeat the Scarecrow once more. The Scarecrow would also be one of the villains used in a plot by Ra's al Ghul against Batman and his allies.
During the conflict dubbed Crisis on Infinite Earths, the Scarecrow was part of the coalition of super-villains from the surviving multiverse led by Lex Luthor to conquer the multiverse while it's heroes were preoccupied with the Crisis. The plot would be foiled by the heroes and the battle ended when their attentions needed to be turned toward the Anti-Monitor.
Following the end of the Crisis and the unification of the multiverse into a single universe, the entire history of Batman and his foes was greatly restructured, including a new and darker version of Jonathan Crane. Must of the Earth-One Scarecrow's history is rendered apocryphal. While incidents prior to the Crisis, such as Libra's manipulation of the Injustice Gang are still part of current history, it is presumable that they included the New Earth Scarecrow.
- 19 Appearances of Jonathan Crane (Earth-One)
- Images featuring Jonathan Crane (Earth-One)
- Quotations by or about Jonathan Crane (Earth-One)
- Character Gallery: Jonathan Crane (Earth-One)
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- ↑ Batman #189
- ↑ In Batman #189 the Scarecrow was not considered a new character as there are references to previous battles against Batman. However, those encounters were since retconned as events happening on Earth-Two and thus were exploits committed by the Earth-Two Scarecrow
- ↑ Batman #189
- ↑ Batman #200
- ↑ Detective Comics #389
- ↑ Justice League of America #111
- ↑ Batman #262
- ↑ 1st Issue Special #7
- ↑ Joker #8
- ↑ Justice League of America #143
- ↑ Batman #291
- ↑ Batman #292
- ↑ Batman #293
- ↑ Batman #294
- ↑ Justice League of America #158
- ↑ Detective Comics #486
- ↑ Detective Comics #503
- ↑ Detective Comics #503
- ↑ Batman #373
- ↑ Detective Comics #540
- ↑ Batman #400
- ↑ Crisis on Infinite Earths #9
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